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What do humans and Asian tree shrews have in common? We are the only two mammals known to tolerate the burn of capsaicin - the active chemical compound responsible for making chilli peppers spicy hot.
An extraordinary 57.3 million tons of chilli peppers are consumed globally each year. We explore the evolutionary biology, neuroscience, psychology, and archaeology to explain why the chilli pepper has become one of the widest cultivated spice crops in the world.
Video Journalist: Clayton Conn
Commissioning Editor: Griesham Taan
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I am European and I love spicy food! I try to keep away from it and eat it less often but it’s like addiction.. at least 2 times a month I have to eat something very spicy :))4 месяца назад
I carry a bottle of hot sauce with me like a woman carries her purse lolМесяц назад
We Indian's have spicy foods too and sometimes we do get scolded by our mom for not eating too much.4 месяца назад
MiMi Star +7
I have a big pet peeve when people refer to spicy as a shorthand for chilli or pepper. There are wayyyy many more spices that are aromatic and fragrant and aren't "Hot". This misrepresents the word spicy and unfortunately a lot of people miss out on delicious spicy foods (aromatic and fragrant) in fear of it burning their tongues!4 месяца назад
the English language just lacks a lot of proper words in the domain of food. Might be related to the fact, that neither the UK, nor the US, nor Australia or New Zealand are especially known for their cuisine. Cinnamon is a spice, gloves are a spice, but that's not what they mean when the say "spicy". And "hot food" is also no good alternative, because hot is the opposite of cold and not necessarily piquante. English just lacks a proper word for that.2 месяца назад
But spiced "Spicy" and "spiced" are two different words. We dont call it "spicy Rum cake" or "spicy cider" or "spicy ham". We call them "spiced" as in "with many spices". In English we unfortunately dont have a totally separate word for the effect of chilis, peppercorn, sechuan, horseradish or mustards. (My pet peeve is people forgetting that chilis are not the only source of spicy heat in food, and many cuisines use multiple spicy herbs to create that heat.) And "Hot" doesnt work because that refers to temperature. I work at a Thai restaurant and if you ask someone how hot they want their food, most people think you are talking about temperature. Especially since in Thai cuisine there are very spicy salads. To ask someone how "hot" they want their salad makes no sense. Only a very few people, mostly very older people who dont know anything about Thai/Indian/Mexican cuisine confuse "spicy" for "spices" and ask "what spices?" or "will it have any flavor?". It takes about 10 seconds to explain the difference between "spicy" and "spices" and they are educated for life. Not actually a problem. In Thai, there is a seperate word, "pet" and in Spanish the seperate word is "picante" as opposed to "caliente" which is temperature hot. (Although many Americans think "caliente" means "spicy" because of the fact that we dont have that seperate word). It would also be inappropriate to associate this with "pepper" as the word "pepper" was confused by colonizers who applied that label to every different spicy herb they encountered, no matter how different.2 месяца назад
Yes we often use English word spicy when talking both for flavours and “hot” food :) myself I love spices and use them a lot as I love so called colours in the taste of what I eat. I also love hot but one should feel which pepper to use and how much in order not to destroy the taste.. I don’t like chili recently but in love with cajun for spicing up3 месяца назад
Larissa Tom +1
Yes, “spicy” has evolved to equal heat but not all spices are hot. You could say dill on salmon is spicy, and be correct but if someone only construes it as hot they would think you were wrong.4 месяца назад
It's their own problem, isn't it? Shouldn't it be possible to ask - or, when you buy something via self-service - to try out what is meant?4 месяца назад
Spicy food has benefits! 🔥4 месяца назад
Baker Kawesa +2
Can't taste the heat anymore. It's only after eating bland food for a while that I crave and can taste it again.4 месяца назад
I'm reading that "chili" - for the pepper - means "hot to the taste", while the name of the _country_ of _Chile_ meant "edge of the land" and had nothing to do with it. Given how much that edge of the land - Chile - looks like a chili fruit in the map, meanwhile, I could imagine that from the beginning the meaning of "hot to the taste" may have come from the name of the fruit, after this name would have been copied from one for that southwestern part of South America.4 месяца назад
@Patreeko Time I'd say that it's quite little probable to have such a hit for two objects looking exactly alike and being denoted by the exactly same word. Yes, coincidences happen, but such a strong one?2 месяца назад
There is no definitive source of the name of the country Chile. It may very well just mean "the place where chilis grow", or "the home of the people who eat chilis" as being named after some guy named Chili. Its also possible that its just a name for a place and it has no real meaning that anyone could remember. This happens all over the world, especially when it comes to places named after people as people names dont always have a meaning, or one that is still understood. (Despite what those baby names websites may tell you).2 месяца назад
@Shaun Stephens Even without extraterrestrials, the Nazca-lines artwork, discernible only from the sky, illustrates what a developed sense of large-scale geometry the native civilizations of South America (in this case, peoples in what is now Peru) have had. Maya mathematicians have had an astronomy refined enough to have calculated lengths of days more accurately than it's done in the modern calendar. These cultures were much farther developed than those of Polynesia, while the latter did already boast sophisticated maps (even though not of our style of images on flat surfaces). Altogether close to all of this was waiting southwestern South America with its very simple outline to be reconnoitered... One should also keep in mind how thoroughly the European colonizers have removed cultural heritage of the native-American civilizations, especially the literature of these peoples.3 месяца назад
Shaun Stephens +2
Yeah... I don't think that there were accurate maps or aerial photography when these names were settled on. Nice try though.3 месяца назад
Nobody can compete with me in eating spicy 🔥 food..Месяц назад
I ate hot things when I was younger but my wife doesn't like it at all so for 30 years I haven't eaten much hot things and don't care for it anymore since it's to hot for me now3 месяца назад
my mouth doesn't burn anymore, and spicy foods that is really not that spicy too me anymore, i cannot taste the flavor anymore, it tasted bland. but super spicy foods i can taste the flavors but still no burn, i crave spicy foodsМесяц назад
Neel Das +1
Oh..I feel peckish again 😭4 месяца назад
Ginger Jesus +3
We're all masochists at heart.4 месяца назад
Margarita Magdalena 🇷🇺
I don't like spicy food and I'm proud of it.2 месяца назад
Hans Dunkelberg +2
The urge to show off one's hardiness may also have contributed.4 месяца назад
Haha sweat it out!3 месяца назад
Wow Indians and Mexicans are so alike im taste matter4 месяца назад
@AmeliaBodilia More likely to try to mask the flavor of said rotting food. These people had no understanding of the mechanisms that caused food to rot, so they wouldnt be able to apply the logic of an antimicrobial ingredient. Also, most of the places where spicy herbs are native happen to mostly be tropical places where there is no real thought of food preservation. You gather and kill what you are going to eat and you eat it.2 месяца назад
Hans Dunkelberg +2
@AmeliaBodilia That notion makes a lot of sense. India and Mexico are major countries having begun to introduce refrigeration only late. In the Baroque era, the European powers have downright waged _spice wars_ against each other because they were in such a dire need for spices as tools to make their food more appetizing. There was a group of islands in what's now eastern Indonesia - the Moluccas - known as the "spice islands" and because of this heavily embattled. I've read that the intention then had been to drown out the haut gout of decaying food, but it certainly makes a lot of sense that compounds like that capsaicin would also have been desired for a real preservation.3 месяца назад
Capsaicin is also antibacterial so it would make sense that cultures with little to no refrigeration traditionally would use it in their food?3 месяца назад
@gosh Thank you for clarifying this. I wasn't sure.4 месяца назад
@Hans Dunkelberg no sorry you're talking about aboriginals and I'm talking about the real "Indians" upon whom this name was made.4 месяца назад
最近の台詞でカブるのは ユウジオダ と 台詞がカブる マトモな時 防止対策でキレギレ(怒ってる (親切な矯正してる ドーワの親衛隊3 месяца назад
いろんな 姿を見せてくれます。 台詞と性格で 彼が見えてくるから 大笑いですね バーカ3 месяца назад
ドーワのシュバーンに汚いザイニチ言え 永遠に汚いザイニチ言えよ ドーワのシュバーンにずーっと永遠に汚いザイニチ言え3 месяца назад
早くドーワのシュバーンに汚いザイニチずーっと永遠に言え汚いザイニチシュバーン3 месяца назад
Solace Easy +3
Advertising is the answer. It was not this way 40 years ago. Spicy was not typical. At least in the good old USA.4 месяца назад
@Margarita Magdalena 🇷🇺 About having less tolerance of hot spicy food, the same is true. I know of no person who thinks one is not "worthy to be around" or "deserves pity for your miserable life" just for being unable to tolerate hot food, but if I ever find some such person I would gladly accept that their company is not for me and mine not for them. Again, no use crying over it. Even if you think that "liking spices" is becoming a fashion and you are ostracised because you can't keep up with this fashion, them welcome to the real world where not keeping up with the times makes you dull and uninteresting among your peers (and this effect is stronger the younger the peer group is).Месяц назад
@Margarita Magdalena 🇷🇺 about music, yes. People have been telling me that my dislike of loud/metal music makes me dull (it limits the "range" of the spectrum that I enjoy). I have accepting it as a possibility, no use crying over it.Месяц назад
Margarita Magdalena 🇷🇺
@Pierre In "Strangers look at your taste in food to judge you as a person. If you find spicy food painful, they conclude that you're a dull person who's not worthy to be around and deserve pity for your miserable existence. What's the problem?"Месяц назад
Margarita Magdalena 🇷🇺
@Pierre In How does not enjoying extreme sensations make one dull? Is not enjoying painfully loud noises also a sign of dull ears?Месяц назад
Pierre In +1
@Margarita Magdalena 🇷🇺 no need to exaggerate. Spice adds flavour to food, that's it. Saying that you don't like spicy food just says that you have a dull taste palette. From that, some might even conclude that you are a dull person, but that's their subjective opinion.Месяц назад